Nuclear fusion holds the capability to completely revolutionize how we treat energy and energy sources. Fusion, the reactions that occur in the sun are apparently very helpful for us as well. Unlike current energy sources like fossil fuels and nuclear fission, fusion has the potential to provide a virtually limitless, clean, and sustainable energy supply. They have the power to take technological innovation to the next level. By enhancing energy security and minimizing environmental damage, nuclear fusion is a very promising source of energy.
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Abundant Energy Supply
Nuclear fusion has the ability to be an abundant energy source for humans, Giving unlimited amounts of energy seamlessly with minimal damage to the environment and loss. The two main fuels utilized in nuclear reactions are Deuterium and Tritium (derived from lithium) are both heavy isotopes of Hydrogen which are highly available in nature. Uranium is another nuclear fuel that is easily available in nature. One uranium fuel pellet creates as much energy as one ton of coal, 149 gallons of oil or 17,000 cubic feet of natural gas.
Nuclear fusion and greenhouse effect
The greenhouse effect can be best described as:-
‘The greenhouse effect occurs when greenhouse gases in a planet’s atmosphere trap some of the heat radiated from the planet’s surface, raising its temperature’ Wikipedia definition.
Nuclear fusion energy, unlike fossil fuels does not emit greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere. By replacing fossil fuel energy generation with nuclear sources, Humans could significantly reduce their carbon footprint and battle climate change. Nuclear reactions are the cleanest method of energy generation, They don’t produce excess of CO2 or any other gas harmful to the environment. Greenhouse gasses include
- Carbon dioxide (CO2)
- Methane (CH4)
- Nitrous oxide (N2O)
- Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs)
- Perfluorocarbons (PFCs)
Unlike other sources of energy such as fossil fuels that are subject to geographical barriers and make way for wars on resources and political tension, Nuclear energy is available abundantly everywhere. It is the safest energy source to exist. Fusion fuel sources are abundant and widely distributed, reducing dependence on specific regions or countries for energy supply. To dwelve deeper into the topic of safe energy, Nuclear power and energy security by Samuel Amikyan is a great book for the topic with 300 pages that focus solely on this topic alone. You can get it from the amazon link below
We here at iTechglam cover everything with importance or relevance to technology. Nuclear fusion currently seems to be the next big thing in technological advancement. Various fields can benefit immensely from it, Some worth mentioning include:-
- Materials science
- Plasma physics
Unlike fission reactions,Nuclear fusion doesn’t posses the risk of a chain reaction resulting in a disaster. The biggest example of such an accident is the Chernobyl incident, Being the biggest incidence showcasing what dangers nuclear fission possesses. It is recorded in history and studied till today with effects that lasted long after the accident took place and had negative impacts on future generation’s health as well. Wikipedia describes it in the following words:-
The Chernobyl disaster[a] began on 26 April 1986 with the explosion of the No. 4 reactor of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, near the city of Pripyat in the north of the Ukrainian SSR, close to the border with the Byelorussian SSR, in the Soviet Union. It is one of only two nuclear energy accidents rated at seven—the maximum severity—on the International Nuclear Event Scale, the other being the 2011 Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan. The initial emergency response and subsequent mitigation efforts involved more than 500,000 personnel and cost an estimated 18 billion roubles—roughly US$68 billion in 2019, adjusted for inflation. It is considered the worst nuclear disaster in history.
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